07:29 pm - Thursday 20 June 2013

Kasana (gotra)

Kasana (Gojri:कसाणा) or Kushane (Gojri: कुषाणे ) , derived from Kushan(कुषाण), is a Gujjar clan [1][2] [3] of Suryavanshi Kshatriyas.
Kasana’s are mainly found in India, Pakistan and Afghanistan.In India Kasana are found in the states of Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan, Haryana, Gujarat & Maharashtra.
Gujjar clan: Kasana, Kushan, Kusane, Kushane
Distribution India, Pakistan, Afghanistan
Descended from: Kush and Kushans
Branches: None
Religion Hinduism, Muslim and Sikhism
Languages Gojri, Hindi, Punjabi, Dogri, Rajasthani, Haryanvi, Sanskrit, Urdu
Surnames: Kasana, Kusane, Kushane, Kushan
Contents [hide]
1 Origin
2 Traditions
2.1 Hindu
2.2 Muslims
3 References
3.1 External links
[edit]Origin

Kusane or Kushane or Kush or Kushana or Kasana or Kansana Gujjaras claim descent from Kush, son of lord Rama.[4] and also known as to be Suryavanshi Kshatriyas.
Historians such as Sir James Campbell, General Crook, Colonel James Todd, Mr. Forbs, Dr. Bhagwan Lal Inder Ji, Pran Nath Chopra etc were of the view that present Kasana gotra of Gurjars are successors of great Kushans.[1] General Cunningham also identified Kushans as Gurjars.[2] Word Gusur is referred in Rabatak inscription of Kushan king Kanishka.According to a number of scholars the Word Gusur, which means Kulputra or man or woman born in high family, in this inscription stands for Gujar or Gurjaras.[5][6][7]
[edit]Traditions

[edit]Hindu
Like other Hindu gujjars Hindu Kasana are mainly Vegetarians& In the selection of spouse, the strict socioeconomic condition of the negotiating families is seen and four gotra, that is, self, mother’s, Grandmother’s and mother’s mother, are avoided.[8]. The women of well-to do household may not, however, like to work in the fields, but during the peak harvesting season their assistance is inevitable. A woman’s role, both in the domestic as well as in economic sphere is significant. The womenfolk are deft in making embossed floral patterns on the walls of the house. During Navratra festival (9 days devoted to the worship of Durga ), they make their own clay model of goddess Durga for worship which is later immersed in the river. Some of them make intricate appliqué on the straw fans and do embroidery as well. These are not for sale but are kept for their use. They share folksongs or dances of the region.
[edit]Muslims
A Muslim Gujjars male is recognized his typical beard and dress. They wear a specially embroidered conical headgear called gujjari topi, jawaharcut colored embroidered jacket, a loose long kurta and a tamba, while their women wear chooridar pyjama and loose kurta usually of brown, black or green color. Bio-anthropological information with respect to hemoglobin variants somatometry, serology, genetics and dermatoglphics in the community is available. They are mostly non-vegetarian, but mutton is consumed occasionally and on important occasions only due to lack of availability. Eating pork is taboo. They do not eat beef or buffalo meat. Their staple diet consists of maize chapatti, pulses and leafy vegetables. Their cooking media are mustard oil and desi ghee. Preparation of milk products like lassi and dahi, also form a part of their daily diet, which are their home products. Taking alcoholic beverages is a taboo as per the tenets of their religion but a few do consume it. They also consume non-alcoholic beverages like salted tea and lassi. A distinctive feature of their marriage is that consanguineous marriages take place. A boy can marry his cousin, either on the father’s or mother’s side provided they gave not in their infancy been suckling from the breast of the same mother. Tehe marriages take place by nikah in which both the boy and the girl agree to marry each other in consideration of an agreed amount of mehar which has to be paid in the event of annulment of the marriage. Both junior levirate and junior sororate are permissible. Dowry is not demanded but is given in kind in the form of a buffalo or cow as per one’s economic position.
[edit]References

^ a b Pran Nath Chopra (1982). Religions and communities of India. Vision Books. p. 128. “The Gujars are the only people whose tribal names seem to offer a clue to their descent from the Kushans”
^ a b University of Calcutta (1885). Calcutta review, Volumes 80-81. University of Calcutta. p. 202. “Southern Panjab, and as three Gujar princes were reigning somewhere — possibly in the same country — more than a hundred years later, General Cunningham thinks that the Kushan and the Gujar may be identical”
^ http://www.gurjarindia.com/Culture/Origin.html
^ Bombay (India : State) (1901). Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Volume 9, Part 1. Govt. Central Press. p. 574.
^ Dineschandra Sircar (1971). Studies in the religious life of ancient and medieval India. Motilal Banarsidass Publ.. pp. 108–109. ISBN 8120827902, ISBN 9788120827905.
^ The history of the Gurjara-Pratihāras, Edition 2. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers. 1986. p. 20.
^ University of Kerala. Dept. of History; University of Allahabad. Dept. of Modern Indian History, University of Travancore, University of Kerala (1963). Journal of Indian history, Volume 41. Dept. of Modern Indian History. p. 284.
^ http://himachalweb.com/gujjer/index.htm
[edit]External links

http://himachalweb.com/gujjer/index.htm

http://www.gurjarindia.com/Culture/Origin.html

http://www.hinduism-guide.com/hinduism/gurjara.htm

http://www.allempires.com/article/index.php?q=kushan_empire_intro

http://www.gloriousindia.com/history/kushans.html

http://history-timeline.deepthi.com/india-timeline-history/kushan-empire.html

http://www.hindunet.org/hindu_history/ancient/aryan/aryan_frawley.html

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